Socioeconomic factors greatly influence access to resources that are important for health, such as: healthcare, education, safe and affordable housing, food, and recreation. Between 2010 and 2014, 21.5% of Butte County residents were living below the federal poverty level. Unfortunately, Butte County’s high poverty rates have also led to an increased prevalence of food insecure households. Food security is defined as having enough to eat and the ability to purchase or obtain healthy food in socially acceptable ways. In 2012, over half of the households in Butte County with incomes near or below the federal poverty level reported being food insecure.
CSU Chico Center for Healthy Communities, CSU Chico Health & Community Services Department, Butte County Public Health Department Women Infant & Children's (WIC) Program, Butte County First Five Commission, Gridley Reaching Out for Wellness, and St. Timothy's Episcopal Church
Healthy People 2020 has identified Access to Health Care Services as a priority area. Timely access to health care services, including testing, is essential to achieve health equity, reduce the spread of communicable disease, and increase the quality of life for Butte County’s population. Early access to primary and specialty care can improve overall physical, social, and mental health. Increasing access to testing services can allow for early detection, preventing the spread of disease.
Ampla Health, Butte 2-1-1, Butte College, Butte County Public Health Department, Butte-Glenn Medical Society, California Health Collaborative, Chico State, Community Action Agency, Disability Action Center, Enloe Medical Center, Feather River Hospital, Feather River Tribal Health, Hmong Cultural Center, Hospital Council, Northern Valley Indian Health, Orchard Hospital, Oroville Hospital, PEP Senior Housing, Shalom Free Clinic.
Early identification and treatment of disease can decrease the proportion of infected persons who develop long term complications. Butte County has seen unprecedented increases in Syphilis cases in the past two years. Furthermore, Butte County has one of the highest age adjusted mortality rates for chronic liver disease, a complication of Hepatitis C Virus. Increasing access to testing services for Syphilis and Hepatitis C Virus can allow for early detection, preventing the spread of disease among Butte County’s vulnerable populations.
Butte County Public Health Department, Butte County Behavioral Health Department, Butte County Department of Employment and Social Services (DESS)
Rapid Testing Outreach Events for Syphilis and Hepatitis C virus are occurring on a monthly basis.
Every two years, the Butte Countywide Homeless Continuum of Care conducts a one day, point-in-time census and survey of those experiencing homelessness. In 2015, it was estimated that there were over 1,127 homeless persons residing in Butte County. Homelessness exerts a severe impact on people's physical and mental well-being. In contrast to the general population, people experiencing homelessness are at elevated risk for communicable disease, chronic illness, and being victims of violence. They are more likely to experience poor mental health, and to develop substance-related and addictive disorders. It is also estimated that the mortality rate for homeless persons may be up to nine times greater than for the general population.
Butte 2-1-1, Enloe Medical Center, Butte County Public Health Department
Enloe Medical Center, Butte 211, and Butte County Public Health Department are evaluating methods to track recidivism and facilitate coordination of care for homeless individuals seeking care at Enloe Medical Center.