Nebraska Healthy People 2020: Cancer
Cancer is a group of diseases that are characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. If the spread of these cells is not controlled, death can result. According to HealthyPeople.gov, continued advances in cancer research, detection, and treatment have resulted in a decline in both incidence and death rates for all cancers. Among people who develop cancer, more than half will be alive in 5 years. Yet, cancer remains the leading cause of death in Nebraska, and second overall in the mortality declines for female breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and prostate cancer, other types of cancer (e.g. thyroid and liver) have increased. Many cancers are preventable by reducing certain risk factors, including the use of tobacco products, physical inactivity and poor nutrition, obesity, and exposure to ultraviolet exposure. Screening can be an effective tool for the early identification of certain types of cancer.