In order to address this issue, the Maryland State Department of Education produced the Dropout Prevention Resource Guide. This guide, the first of its kind in the United States, highlights evidence-based programs and lists local school systems’ dropout prevention programs and initiatives. Recognizing that many dropouts have been suspended before they leave school, the Maryland State Department of Education also engaged in discipline reform in 2013, and the Maryland State Board of Education adopted The Maryland Guideline for a State Code of Discipline in July 2014.
Systemically, school-based interventions begin with Student Support Teams. These school-based teams of educational professionals meet monthly to discuss students who are struggling maintaining academics, behavior, and attendance. Student Support teams identify school-based strategies to help students become successful. If students remain unsuccessful, they are referred to Pupil Personnel Workers.
Local School Systems utilize their Pupil Personnel Workers to support students at-risk for dropout. Pupil Personnel Workers provide supports to families and students through case management on student attendance, behavior, and performance. Moreover Pupil Personnel Workers can identify and connect services for a student through State or local agencies.